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Spine Stimulator – The Treatment that Will Enable Paraplegics to Walk Again

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) neuroscientist Reggie Edgerton believes that using electrical pulses to stimulate damaged spinal cords in human beings will enable paraplegics to walk again. A study he conducted on paralyzed rats proved to be successful. The study involved the implantation of electrodes in the animals, followed by a stimulation to their spinal cords; within four to eight weeks, the rats were not just able to stand, but were able to walk without assistance from Edgerton’s researchers.

Edgerton explains that the spinal cord transmits brain signals to the arms and legs for controlled movement. When damaged or injured, however, the line of communication between the brain and the limbs go dead and since nerve fibers do not usually grow again, the injury is becomes permanent.

In a study which Edgerton conducted in 1990, though, he saw how the spinal cord, when roused with electrical pulses, can awaken nerve fibers and send signals, which will control limbs and other body functions without dependence on the brain.

In 2009 the results of the study were applied to Rob Summers, a former college baseball player who was paralyzed from the waist down due to a hit-and-run accident. The procedure plus treadmill therapy gave Summers the capability to stand and take some steps (with assistance). His condition obviously kept improving as he also gradually experienced improvements in his bladder control, sexual function and blood pressure regulation. Besides these, Summers was also able to feel and move his hips, knees, ankles and toes.

A year ago, two other paraplegics underwent the same electrical stimulation on their lower spinal cord. Both were able to stand again for some brief moments – a sign that their condition is headed to improvement. It is believed that this spine stimulator will be the key to bringing back those confined in beds or on wheelchairs, due to spinal cord damage, to their former active life.

http://discovermagazine.com/2013/jan-feb/18-spine-stimulator-lets-the-paralyzed-stand-again
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-1388930/Paralysed-crash-victim-Rob-Summers-walk-thanks-Superman-star-Christopher-Reeve.html

Brain Injuries from Construction Accidents

The most recognizable item in the construction industry is the hard hat, and for a very good reason. The risk of sustaining brain injuries from construction accidents is very real, and because of the nature of the work and working at heights, such injuries can be extremely serious.

According to the website of Pohl & Berk, LLP, there are four types of brain injuries, namely:

  • Brain Damage
  • Memory Loss
  • Sensory Loss
  • Traumatic Brain Injuries

Any of these types of brain injury may lead to total and permanent disability in some form and they are seldom reversible. Even when the injury is treatable, it can take time and several treatments to recover a reasonable degree of function. The costs of emergency treatment, surgery, rehabilitation and medication can be prohibitive and can strain the pockets and capabilities of most people.

Among the most common construction accidents that can lead to brain injuries, according to the NY construction accident attorneys of Hach & Rose, LLP on their website include falling hazards, crane collapse, scaffolding defects, slip and fall, even construction vehicle accidents. Many construction accidents can be attributed to the failure of the construction company to provide a safe working environment, to provide the proper safety gear, to provide adequate training for the use of equipment, vehicles and safety gear, to implement and enforce safety regulations and policies, or any combination of the four. In such instances, fault can be laid at the door of the employer, who may then be held liable for any and all expenses related to the underlying construction accident. The NY construction accident attorneys of Hach & Rose, LLP mention facts on their website about falling hazards, crane collapse, scaffolding defects, slip and fall, even construction vehicle accidents. Many construction accidents can be attributed to the failure of the construction company to provide a safe working environment, to provide the proper safety gear, to provide adequate training for the use of equipment, vehicles and safety gear, to implement and enforce safety regulations and policies, or any combination of the four. In such instances, fault can be laid at the door of the employer, who may then be held liable for any and all expenses related to the underlying construction accident.

If you or a family member sustained brain injuries from construction accidents stemming from some kind of negligence on the part of the employer or site manager, a civil tort case may be a helpful and legitimate way for you to recover some amount of damages from the responsible party. Engage the services of a well-practiced brain injury lawyer to help you build your case.